Scientific name: Physalis Peruviana
Physalis peruviana, is a plant species of the genus Physalis in the nightshade family Solanaceae, has its origin in Ecuador and Peru. The plant and its fruit are commonly called Cape gooseberry, goldenberry, uvilla, uchuva and physalis, among numerous regional names. The history of Physalis cultivation in South America can be traced to the Inca. It has been cultivated in England since the late 18th century, and in South Africa in the Cape of Good Hope since at least the start of the 19th century. Widely introduced in the 20th century, P. peruviana is cultivated or grows wild across the world in temperate and tropical regions.
P. peruviana is an useful crop as an exotic exported fruit and favored in breeding and cultivation programs in many countries
In basic research on fruit maturation, the content of polyphenols and vitamin C varied by cultivar, harvest time, and ripening stage. The fruit has a limited history for treating disorders in traditional medicine.
Nutritional properties of goldenberries
Goldenberries are an excellent source of provitamin A (3,000 I.U. of carotene per 100 g). It is also rich in vitamin C, has some of the vitamin B complex and also contains protein (0.3%) and phosphorus (55%), exceptionally high values for a fruit.
The goldenberries have an important therapeutic use, both its leaves and the fruit are used in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries.
It purifies blood, tones the optic nerve and is effective in treating cataracts and conditions of the mouth and throat. In addition, it removes albumin from the kidneys and is recommended to destroy whipworms, intestinal parasites and amoebas.
Goldenberries are a first-rate calcifier. It is recommended for people with diabetes of all kinds, and thanks to its diuretic properties, it favors the treatment of people with prostate problems. It is also used as a natural tranquilizer due to its flavonoid content.