Scientific name: Phyllanthus niruri
Stonebreaker (Phyllanthus niruri), Phyllanthaceae, (not to be confused with Mimosa pudica) is a small herbaceous plant of up to 50 cm, annual and wild of American origin and that can now be found in many regions of the world. It is known in the traditional medicine of various peoples such as Brazil, Peru, the Caribbean and India.
It is a small shrub that grows to a height of up to 50 cm, wild, annual and with an erect stem. Its leaves are 7 to 17 mm long, alternate, sessile oblong; small whitish-greenish flowers, solitary, axillary, monoecious petals. Its fruits are 2 to 3 mm in diameter, small in a compressed and globose capsule; long and little branched root; triangular and warty seeds. In the genus Phyllanthus, the leaves of the main stem are reduced and those of the lateral branches are arranged opposite each other in a plane as if they were leaflets of a compound leaf. However, they are still leaves, and flowers, branches or inflorescences can emerge from their axils depending on the particular species.
It is native to the Amazon rainforests of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and Venezuela. It is now found in other tropical areas, including the Bahamas, India, and China.
This plant has multiple uses in traditional medicine, best known for being used in kidney diseases of kidney stones. It has been used as an anti-inflammatory, although it is better known for its diuretic property and for the treatment of renal calculi (kidney stones). Due to this last property, it is given the common name of "chanca piedra" or "quibra piedra". It is also used for Hepatitis B.
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