Scientific name: Bursera Graveolens
Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) is a species in the Burseraceae family, which grows in dry forests in much of tropical America on the Pacific coast of South America, mostly in Ecuador. They are trees that reach a size of 4 to 10 m high, with smooth, gray, non-exfoliating bark.
Bursera Graveolens, steam extraction oil contains:
The resinous wood is used by the shamans of various South American tribes, such as the Aymara, Quechua, Jíbaros, among others. The Manteña, Machalilla, Valdivia in Ecuador and Inca cultures in Peru, used their smoke and oil for therapeutic purposes. The essential oil, light yellow in color, has a citrus perfume, is appreciated for its properties.
It is used in case of neuralgia, menorrhagia, catarrh and as a diuretic. The crust macerated in alcohol is used against rheumatism and in cooking as a sudorific. The leaves are used in cooking as an antispasmodic. The buds are also used as an abortifacient and the leaves as insecticides. It is considered antiseptic and is effective against cutaneous mycoses. Combustion smoke is also used as a mosquito repellent.
To obtain essential oils through steam distillation, the tree must die on its own and dry for a minimum of 40 years. Recent studies have shown that cutting down a tree and allowing it to dry for the same amount of time does not yield therapeutic grade oil.