Scientific name: Eryngium foetidum
Chillangua, coriander (in its local varieties wild coriander, ground coriander, wild coriander or recao), formally Eryngium foetidum, is a perennial and annual tropical herb of the Apiaceae family. It is native to tropical America where it grows wild, but is cultivated throughout the tropical world. It is used as a condiment for its characteristic smell and flavor, very similar to Coriandrum sativum or European coriander, but stronger.
In many tropical Latin American countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic and Cuba, Peru2 the leaves are used fresh, whole or chopped, in a substitute for coriander and parsley.
Its main medicinal use is to solve various problems of the digestive system, such as diarrhea, dysentery, meteorism and as an appetite stimulant. The leaves are used in cooking, administered orally, or by rectal lavage.
It is used in gynecological disorders, in cases of amenorrhea and internal bleeding; to promote labor, the root in tea is used, administered before or after delivery; and to cure the freeze (disease of the woman who has aborted) a tea is prescribed with the root of this species plus yerba martín (Hyptis verticillata), leaves of jobillo, rosemary, alucema (spp. n / r), jicacara shells (Crescentia cujete), chamomile (Malvaviscus arboreus), avocado seeds (Persea americana) and pió (Licania platypus) split in cross and salt; of this a hot dose is drunk.
To alleviate asthma, the leaf is swallowed whipped with honey. In addition, it is used against inflammation and knee pain.
The leaves and flowers of E. foetidum contain an essential oil in which the phenyl components 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-acetophenone, 2-4-5-trimethyl-benzadehyde and 3-4-dimethyl- acid have been detected. benzoic; monoterpenes para-cymene, and alpha-pinene and the rare fatty acid capric acid. It is described in the literature that the root con
tains saponins, and the aerial parts, carotene.